‘Ranthambhore’ Tiger Reserve gets its name from the majestic Ranthambhore Fort which is situated right in the heart of this beautiful jungle. The fort was built in the 10th century.
The forest area around the fort is dotted with ruins; lake palaces, ancient step-wells, guard-post & small temples . Before independence, it was a private hunting reserve of the Maharajas of Jaipur.
It is bounded to the north by the Banas river and to the south by the Chambal river. Ranthambhore National Park was established as Sawai Madhopur Wildlife sanctuary in 1955. It
was included in the Project Tiger in 1973 and became a National Park on 1 November 1980. In 1992, the Tiger Reserve was expanded to include the adjoining Keladevi Sanctuary in the north and Sawai Mansingh Sanctuary to the south along with adjoining forests.
Ranthambhore National Park harbours dry deciduous forests and open grassy meadows. The flora of the park includes 539 species of flowering plants. One can see the dominance of ‘Dhonk’ tree in the park. Padam Talao is the largest of the many lakes in the park. A red sandstone ‘Jogi Mahal’ is situated at the edge of the lake. A gigantic Banyan tree, considered to be India’s second largest, is also seen near the lake.
How to reach –
- By air – Jaipur (160 km from Ranthambhore) is the nearest airport.
- By rail – Sawai Madhopur is the nearest railway station (10 km from Ranthambhore).
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